Invasive species in Nova Scotia

Related pages on this website
Exotic & Invasive Plants

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Received Dec 13, 2022:

“The second annual Nova Scotia Invasive Species Conference! This event will take place in-person at the Bedford Institute of Oceanography on February 28th, 2023”


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At the moment (early June 2021), there appears to be no up-to-date ‘official’ list of invasive plant species for NS. Several organizations have made attempts to coordinate information on invasive species in the province over the last several decades. Currently and, hopefully, finally,  this role is being assumed by the Nova Scotia Invasive Species Council, set up, apparently, in 2019 (the domain was registered on 2019-04-25; earliest website post June 2, 2020). From About Us

The Nova Scotia Invasive Species Council (NSISC) is a collaborative, volunteer-based group of individuals and organizations that aims to raise awareness and promote a coordinated response to the threat of invasive species in Nova Scotia. The NSISC builds on the experience of the former Invasive Species Alliance of Nova Scotia (ISANS), which was based at Acadia University from 2007-2012. The NSISC is a recognized provincial chapter of the Canadian Council on Invasive Species (CCIS) (https://canadainvasives.ca). Read more

Under “TERRESTRIAL INVASIVE SPECIES FACTSHEETS”, the NSISC website currently offers 2 Factsheets, those on Giant Hogweed (no distribution within NS cited; there was a population within the Backlands area, on a site on Oceanview Drive up to about 5 years ago when the vacant property was developed) and Oriental Bitter Sweet (currently limited to the Annapolis Valley).** See 6Dec2022Update below

NSISC cites the Nova Scotia Invasive Alien Species (IAS) Guide by Alain Belliveau et al. 2012 as an authoritative list. Cited in that guide under Terrestrial  Species are

Norway Maple (Acer platanoides)
Oriental Bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus)
Glossy Buckthorn (Frangula alnus)
Common Reed (Phragmites australis ssp. australis)
Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris)
Rugosa Rose (Rosa rugosa)

Under Species to Watch:

Woodland Angelica (Angelica sylvestris)
Common Hawkweed (Hieracium lachenalii)
Common Valerian (Valeriana officinalis)
Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)
Knotweed Species (Polygonum cuspidatum & sachalinense)
Multiflora Rose (Rosa multiflora)
Giant Hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum)
Reed Canary Grass (Phalaris arundinacea)
Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata)

Dog Strangling Vine (Cynanchum rossicum & louiseae) is cited under under “Species Plaguing Other Parts of North America.
A July 13, 2020 blog post on the NSISC website announced that “Dog Strangling Vine has been found recently (July 2020) in Kentville, Wolfville and Dartmouth, Nova Scotia.”

**UPDATE Dec 6, 2022

NSISC now has Fact Sheets for the following (in the order as presented on their website, by common name):

Beech Leaf-Mining Weevil
Blue Sedge
Carolina Fanwort
Chain Pickerel
Coffin Box Bryozoan
Colonial Tunicates
Common Reed
Dog Strangling Vine
Dutch Elm Disease
Emerald Ash Borer
Garlic Mustard
Giant Hogweed
Glossy Buckthorn
Green Crab
Hemlock Woolly Adelgid
Japanese Knotweed
Multiflora Rose
Norway Maple
Oriental Bittersweet
Oyster Thief
Purple Loosestrife
Red-eared Sliders
Reed Canary Grass
Rugosa Rose
Scotch Pine
Smallmouth Bass
Solitary Tunicates
White Nose Syndrome
Woodland Angelica
Yellow Floating Heart
Yellow Iris